_____ 1. Use the universal pronoun “one” instead of you. (“Creating a class in which you teach creativity,” is not as sophisticated as “Creating a class in which one teaches creativity.”)
_____2. What kind of diction, syntax, imagery and tone? You must have an adjective before these words. PLEASE, PLEASE DON’T FORGET THIS.
_____3. Find and include synonyms for “uses” and “says.”
_____4. Avoid wordiness: instead of “With the example that Franklin gave us,” why not “Franklin’s example”?
_____5. At all costs, don’t make elementary mistakes like misusing to, too, two, their, there, they’re, its, it’s, your and you’re.
_____6. Full name (Benjamin Franklin) once; after that, Franklin or Mr. Franklin.
_____7. Citing sources – don’t put the source in parenthesis in the middle of a sentence: “In (source B), …”
_____8. Consider an anecdote to start it off, but don’t spend too much time doing so. Remember, AP=Answer Prompt.
_____10. Don’t repeat yourself. Almost without exception, make your point and move on to another.
_____11. Present tense: “Franklin writes,” not “Franklin wrote.”
_____12. Avoid pointless sentences like “Franklin uses rhetorical strategies.”
_____13. If you write that something you read is “interesting”, “enlightening,” “thoughtful,” etc., be sure to explain how and why.
_____14. You can only analyze what you see in front of you but be sure to see it!
_____15. Remember ethos, pathos and logos.
_____16. It is critical that you have a thesis statement in your introduction.
_____17. Use personal examples to help your argument but DO NOT DIGRESS OR GO OFF TOPIC!! Watch the time.
_____18. Don’t be boring! Vary your sentences, avoid passive voice, include a personal experience, being humorous if you can.
_____19. In the multiple choice section, the correct answer is in the reading – you sometimes have to go back to earlier sections to find it. REMEMBER TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS YOU FEEL MOST CONFIDENT ABOUT FIRST, THEN DO THE OTHERS. YOU DON’T HAVE TO GET 100% ON THE MULTIPLE CHOICE.
____20. Avoid such phrases as I think, I feel, I believe, I agree, etc. which weaken your argument(s).
_____21. Avoid spelling errors.
_____22. Do not use contractions.
_____23. Introduce quotations, do not simply insert them.
_____24. Have a topic sentence for each paragraph.
_____25. Think and organize before you write.
_____26. Carefully read the prompt and be sure to understand what is being asked of you.
_____27. If time, try to have a concession (that is, acknowledge and refute the other side) as part of your argument.
_____28. Memorize the terms, how they are applied and THEIR EFFECT ON THE READER.
_____29. Use have and has correctly. One subject =has; two or more subjects =have.
_____30. Show the readers that you are the expert. Be in command of your writing.
_____31. On the rhetorical analysis, be sure to state the author’s purpose.
_____32. Do not use the passive voice when you do not need to (i.e instead of “The example that Louv uses” which is dull, simply write “Louv’s example.”)